Prakriti has been one most notable basic construct of Ayurvedic health care philosophy. It fundamentally explains the biological specificity operating at cellular and genomic level and is held largely responsible for distinctions among individuals in various arenas of functions and appearance.
Charaka Samhita, an ancient Ayurvedic script (200 BC), describes elaborately about Prakriti including the methods of its examination on objective and subjective basis. It describes vividly about various physical, physiological, and behavioral features specific to Dosha types, whose presence may give a clue to the dominance of some Dosha over the other. An observation of available features thereby indicates the dominance of specific Dosha, eventually helping Prakriti identification in an individual.
Although every individual has the three doshas – Vata, Pitta &Kapha, each of us inherits them in differing proportions.
On account of these differences Ayurveda categorize human into 7 basic body types. They are:
- Vatha constitution
- Pitha constitution
- Kapha constitution
- VathaPitha constitution
- VathaKapha constitution
- PithaKapha constitution
- VathaPithaKapha constitution
But as main classification in a brief manner only three Prakruti are taken into account in most of the instances –
- Vata Pradhana Prakruti
- Pitta Pradhana Prakruti
- Kapha Pradhana Prakruti